Study on Abuse against Older Adults in Lebanon
Population and Development Project
Ministry of Social Affairs-United Nations Population Fund
In response to the UNFPA supported Country Program’s output: “Enhanced Capacity to Utilize Data for Integrating Population Dynamics, Reproductive Health and Gender-Equality Concerns into Development Planning and Monitoring Processes, at National, Sectoral and Local Levels”, the Population and Development (PD) project, a joint collaboration between the Ministry of Social Affairs (MOSA) and UNFPA, aims at “Enhancing the capacities of MOSA in strategizing and mainstreaming Population and Development priorities and concepts – particularly Ageing issues - within their plans and programmes both centrally and through selected Social Development Centers”. More specifically, the PD provides a road map towards the support of MOSA’s leading role in fostering policy dialogue on Ageing, strengthening the National Commission on Elderly Affairs in Lebanon (NCEA) and its executive body represented by the Department of Family Affairs at MOSA (DFA).
The PD Annual Workplan for 2014 consists of a series of activities towards the above output, mainly in terms of generating knowledge base to support policies on Ageing, and strengthening the role of MOSA as a pioneer and leader on all matters related to integrating Ageing issues in national development plans.
Research around the world shows that persons aged 60+ are victims of domestic abuse and quite often a significant percentage of these incidents are not reported to authorities, denying victims the protection and support they need. Given the significant underreporting, the Senate Special Committee on Aging estimated that as many as five million older Americans may be victims of abuse, neglect, and/or exploitation every year (www.preventelderabuse.org). These vulnerable elders are subject to injury and to premature death (Lachs et al., 1998), often from caregivers and family members. Elder financial exploitation—commonly linked with other forms of abuse and neglect—threatens the health, dignity, and economic security of millions of older Americans. Elder abuse is estimated to cost Americans tens of billions of dollars annually in health care, social services, investigative and legal costs, and lost income and assets.
According to the latest national survey (PAPFAM, 2004), Lebanon currently has one of the greatest proportions of Elderly in the Middle East and North Africa region, which is projected to increase from 7% to 19% by 2050. Nevertheless, it lacks policies to ensure healthy and active Ageing for them. Furthermore, the rights of Older Adults in Lebanon are not well secured at both social and legal levels, leading to severe mal protection or absence of protection mechanism of this vulnerable group. The latter situation is coupled with anecdotal evidence (not adequately documented) of mistreatment of older adults and their exposure to different forms of abuse including physical, psychological, emotional, sexual, neglect, abandonment, financial/material exploitation, as well as self neglect. Add to this the lack of adequate, reliable and recent data regarding the situation and conditions of older adults living in poverty, with disability, as heads of households, etc.
The literature identifies different perpetrators of mistreatment and abuse on older adults in general and older women in particular such as family members (adult son/daughter, adult grandchildren, spouse, or other members of the family), formal/informal care givers, practitioners, employers, neighbors and friends, or strangers on the street.
The scarcity of data for programming purposes as well as informing policy was clearly underlined in the “Review of Legislations and Policies Impacting Elderly in Lebanon”, supported recently by the PD project, whereby one of the recommendations was “to increase investment in policy-directed research to better identify needs of Elderly… and to document the nature and extent of neglect, abuse and violence against Elderly in Lebanon”.
Moreover, the national efforts led by the Government and civil society organizations on advancing issues of Older people on the national agenda are guided by the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (PoA/ICPD) as well as the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA). In this context, two relevant MIPAA recommendations call states to intensify efforts towards the “Elimination of all forms of neglect, abuse and violence against older persons” and “Creation of support services to address elder abuse”. Whereas the ICPD PoA calls nations to “Monitor and eradicate all forms of direct and indirect abuse, including all forms of violence, over-medication, sub-standard care, and social isolation”.
Based on the above rationale, MOSA in partnership with UNFPA, aims at supporting the undertaking of a study that would generate data about the elderly abuse in Lebanon in terms of type/forms, magnitude, perpetrators, access to services including protection (or barriers to seeking services), role of justice/legal system, coping mechanisms, women vulnerability, among others.
The study will look in particular at elderly abuse during crisis and emergency situation for internally displaced as well as refugees.
It is suggested that the data is collected from care givers, relevant stakeholders and elderly people themselves.
The study is expected to suggest policy response in terms of legislation and prevention as well as focused programmatic interventions.
The following methodology will be used by the consultant(s)/firm to conduct the study:
4. Main Tasks and Activities
The expected outcome of this study will consist of the following:
6. Duration of Assignment
This consultancy will be conducted over a period of 5 months starting from the date of issuance of the contract.
7. Support by UNFPA and PD/DFA
The PD project and DFA will provide to the extent possible assistance and support to the consultant(s)/firm as follows:
8. Required qualifications
9. How to apply
Terms of Reference
Data Analyst Expert
National Commission for Lebanese Women
& UNFPA Lebanon
Since 2006, the National Commission for Lebanese Women (NCLW) has been collaborating with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) towards mainstreaming gender aspects in various development platforms, policies, and strategies. In 2012, this collaboration led to the development, consensus and launching of the National Strategy for Women in Lebanon. The strategy spells out 12 priority objectives identified as essential ones for ensuring that gender equality dimensions are adequately mainstreamed in the social, cultural, economical, and political spheres. In order to translate this strategic framework into concrete operational actions and results to be achieved by all stakeholders, NCLW developed - in a participatory approach - a plan of action that sets forth key interventions under each of the 12 strategic objectives along with indicators. The four years action plan was validated in early 2013 (2013-2016) and preparatory work was carried out throughout 2013 to transform it onto a soft application to be launched and adopted by all stakeholders by mid -2014. The compiled data and information requested from stakeholders covers implementation progress made throughout 2013.
Based on the above, NCLW and UNFPA seek to identify and engage a data analyst expert whose prime responsibility is to process and analyze the data received from stakeholders and develop an analytical report. The report shall be drafted and developed based on (a) the compilation of data, (b) related references and (c) women strategy and its action plan.
2. Functions and tasks
Under the overall guidance and direct supervision of the National Director, the Data Analyst expert will be undertaking various tasks as described below:
3. Final Deliverables
The expert will be expected to deliver the following:
4. NCLW contribution
To facilitate the work of the expert, NCLW will be providing the following:
5. Required qualifications
Masters degree in Social Sciences, Anthropology, Women Studies, Development Studies, or equivalent work experience.
Interested candidates who meet the above qualifications should apply on line by submitting an updated CV detailing work experience that is relevant to the vacancy requirements as indicated in the TORs.
The CV should be submitted to the following email address: firstname.lastname@example.org no later than August 4, 2014.
NCLW will only be responsible to respond to those applicants submitting the required CV and in which there is further interest.