Vacancies and Notices


Mapping, Review and Gap Analysis in Relation to Existing Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) / Behavior Change Communication (BCC) Material and Resources on Reproductive Health and Family Planning

Mapping, Review and Gap Analysis in Relation to Existing Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) / Behavior Change Communication (BCC) Material and Resources on Reproductive Health and Family Planning

 Consultancy for Individuals 

Since 2011, the Syrian conflict and its spill-over effects have affected development, most dramatically inside Syria, but also in the neighboring countries. More than four million people have been registered as refugees in neighboring countries, with Lebanon hosting the largest proportion of refugees compared to the size of its population, which was assessed at 1,011,366 refugees out of which more than half (52.5%) are females[1]. Family planning plays an important role in reproductive health. UNFPA estimates that 1 in 3 deaths in women of childbearing age can be prevented by family planning. Access to family planning information and services empowers refugees, particularly women and girls, to make important decisions about their reproductive health (RH) status[2].
The Lebanese state, in cooperation with local and international players, has been making major efforts to accommodate the influx of Syrian refugees. While major efforts are being made, several problems still face refugees, mainly women, a particularly vulnerable group in crisis situations. Unmet needs in RH and Family Planning (FP) rank high on the list of these problems. The Health Access and Utilization Survey (HAUS 2016) in Lebanon showed that only 38% of adult refugees in reproductive age group were using a family planning method, while 43% didn’t know where to access subsidized services[3]. Another study led by UNFPA in 2016[4]demonstrated that women and girls still suffer from a clear deficit of knowledge on RH and FP issues whereby 45% of the surveyed women exhibit a basic knowledge on contraception. Another study conducted in 2014 revealed that both female and male refugee youth exhibit little knowledge of RH issues with only 45% stating that they know about contraceptive methods, and while knowledge increases with age and marriage, there remains 18% of married youth who do not know about contraception.  The same study found that the primary source of information on sexual and reproductive health for refugee youth is their parents, particularly for females, while males rely also on friends […] as well as limited reliance on health workers as is the use of such reference material as books (2%)[5]. Another recent survey carried out in the Bekaa Valley amongst both Lebanese and Syrian populations reveals that 58% of refugees and 45% of Lebanese respondents did not plan their last pregnancy. One key factor for that is the lack of awareness on the risks of getting pregnant too soon after the birth of a child, mostly noted among Syrian refugees.   
Prior research have demonstrated a positive impact of awareness and health promotion on attitudes and beliefs of people which can lead to improvements in health outcomes. For years, health promotion interventions depended to a great extent on a mix of various Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) material.  Although IEC can enhance many aspects of communication, evidence showed that it could increase knowledge and improve attitudes but it often did not result in behavior change. IEC cannot achieve change as a separate intervention, but usually should be part of a comprehensive change strategy that includes multiple interventions, including communication. With this in mind, Behavior Change Communication (BCC) was proposed with a switch from materials production solely to strategically designed programs that influence behavior. BCC programs are designed to bring about behaviors that will improve health status and related long-term outcomes[6].
In Lebanon, and with the influx of Syrian refuges since 2011, different health actors became increasingly involved in health promotion and community mobilization. Many health and RH programs and organizations have been using IEC and/or BCC tools and approaches to improve women’s health and wellbeing including RH, maternal and child health, family planning etc., through a mix of different channels. The last assessment of existing RH information material and resources was carried out under a joint partnership between UNFPA and the Ministry of Social Affairs (MOSA) (2005) leading to the development of a comprehensive compendium of key IEC/BCC resources and material. Yet and since then, there hasn’t been an update to this compendium particularly within the context of the humanitarian response to the Syrian crisis.  
With the aim to ensure effectiveness of planned and current comprehensive approaches for promoting universal access to RH/FP through behavior change modification, there is a need – among other - to take stock of existing RH resources and material and review/assess them in terms of effectiveness, relevance, messages, cultural appropriateness, etc., while taking into consideration the refugees’ situational context and the findings from UNFPA previous evaluation and assessment.
The purpose of this consultancy is to review and assess existing IEC/BCC material /resources developed/adapted locally on RH/FP for past (since 2005) and ongoing programmes/projects/interventions and to accordingly determine gaps in terms of needed information and messages that would complement holistic approaches with due attention to Syrian refugee population.  
By doing so, the producers and users of material/resources (i.e. Public Sector, NGOs, UN system, academia, etc) would (1) be provided with a full compilation/review/assessment of existing RH/FP material/resources by type, objective, messages, target groups, utilization, relevance, cultural appropriateness, etc, (2) avoid duplication of producing additional material /resources on RH/FP, (3) be provided with identified gaps (in terms of messages, target population, appropriateness, type, etc), (4) ensure consistency of key messages/information in future development and promotion of RH/FP related material/resources, and (5) ensure IEC/BCC material to be developed is based on a set of criteria set as complementary with approach, appropriate to target population, tested for effectiveness, based on evidence, etc. 
Within the context of this consultancy, the RH/FP material/resources being referred to would include – but not exclusive to – policy briefs, information leaflets/ brochures/ pamphlets, posters, TV spots/PSA, short documentaries, reference cards, etc. The approaches against which the BCC/IEC material will be reviewed/assessed include – but not exclusive to - media campaigns, outreach campaigns, awareness raising campaigns, counselling sessions, policy dialogue events, advocacy campaign, etc. 
Description of Tasks
Under the guidance of UNFPA office, a consultant will be contracted to carry out the following tasks:
  1. Prepare an action plan with timeline and milestones of activities to be carried out under this assignment
  2. Conduct a desk review of similar assignment globally, regionally and nationally and review relevant reports, with focus on previous interventions and programswith evidence based success.
  3. Gather all the RH/FP IEC/BCC material developed/adapted locally previously (since 2005) and/or currently being used, in partnership with relevant governmental and non-governmental actors, academic institutions, UN agencies, RH working group, etc.
  4. Set criteria and standards for reviewing and analyzing the compiled material in terms of relevance, appeal, uniformity, language, information, length of the material, cultural appropriateness, messages, target population, modes of use/dissemination, innovation, etc
  5. Develop a focus group guide to be used with each group of beneficiaries
  6. Develop a simple questionnaire tool to be used with selected users/producers
  7. Organize focus group discussions (3-4) with selected beneficiaries of the various material to discuss appropriateness and gaps. It is suggested to hold one focus group with women, another one with youth, a third one with men, and a last one with service providers (midwives, Ob/Gyn specialists, social workers nurses etc.)
  8. Carry out consultation with selected producers/users of the material to discuss the appropriateness and effectiveness of the material/resources
  9. Develop a template for standardizing the presentation of the compiled material
  10. Develop a check list with main criteria for future development of RH/FP IEC/BCC material/resources
  11. Prepare a draft report in Arabic including actionable recommendations to be reviewed by UNFPA and RH working group and finalize report based on input and comments (report structure to be discussed between UNFPA and consultant)
  12. Participate in one/more meetings to present/discuss findings/recommendations of the assignment with pertinent stakeholders.
Expected Outcomes
The final outcome to be delivered by the consultant at the completion of this task would consist of an “Assessment and Review of RH/FP IEC/BCC material/resources” in Arabic language (both soft and hard copies) and composed of 2 parts as follows:
a.    A descriptive and analytical part including background, objectives, findings, analysis and recommendations
b.    An inventory with structured and standardized compilation of all resources/material and based on agreed upon template.
Duration of Assignment
Two months
Support to be provided by UNFPA
  • Provide access to various reports as part of the desk and literature review
  • Review the tools/guide for collection purposes and the comparison matrix
  • Facilitate access to stakeholders/users/beneficiaries
  • Provide input on the draft report.
Qualification and/or specialized knowledge/experience

  • Advanced university degree in Public Health or other related field
  • Strong background in Public Health in general and/or Reproductive Health/Family Panning in particular
  • At least 5 years of experience in health/RH programme coordination/management
  • At least 8 years of experience in IEC/BCC resource/material development and publication on RH relevant issues
  • Previous work experience and considerable skills on message design
  • Good research and analytical skills
  • Excellent written and spoken communication skills in Arabic and English.
Interested candidates may apply online by providing:
(1)   most updated CV, and
(2)   a cover letter mentioning the relevance of past/current experience with the requirements of the consultancy.
The above documents must be sent to the following email address: by no later than May 30, 2017

Candidates who fail to submit the required documents above will not be considered for review.

UNFPA Lebanon will only be responsible to respond to those applicants submitting the required documents above and in which there is further interest.

ONLY individual consulatnts, not companies, are eligible to apply.


[1] UNHCR, Syria Regional Refugee Response ,
[2] Benage, Matthew, P Gregg Greenough, Patrick Vinck, Nada Omeira, and Phuong Pham. 2015. “An assessment of antenatal care among Syrian refugees in Lebanon.” Conflict and Health 9 (1): 8.
[3] UNHCR, Health access and utilization survey among Syrian refugees in Lebanon 2016,
[4] UNFPA, Assessing unmet needs and projecting family planning need for Syrian refugees in Lebanon, 2016, Unpublished
[5] UNFPA, UNICEF, UNHCR, UNESCO, Save the Children, Situation Analysis of Youth Affected by the Syrian Crisis, 2014
[6] Measure Evaluation, Behavior Change Communication,


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Latest update: 5/18/2012