Humanitarian Response

In times of crisis, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence soar. Reproductive health services - including prenatal care, assisted delivery, and emergency obstetric care - often become unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to HIV infection and sexual exploitation. And many women lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.

UNFPA supported country programme in Lebanon addresses the volatile and complex situation of the country. Assistance in times of emergency constitutes a cross cutting approach of UNFPA’s work in Lebanon in the areas of Reproductive Health and Rights; Population and Development; and Gender and Women Empowerment.

As such, and immediately after the breakout of the July 2006 war on Lebanon followed by the post crisis and recovery period, UNFPA engaged in responding to the immediate needs of the affected population (displaced, returnees, and those under siege) in partnership with civil societies group including NGOs, academic institutions and researchers and concerned UN sister agencies. UNFPA also supported the Palestinian refugees affected by Nahr El Bared camp crisis in May 2007 as well as the Syrian refugees fleeing to North Lebanon in 2011.

UNFPA’s support consisted mainly of (a) rapid assessment of maternal and reproductive health needs, impact of the war on women and girls as well as on elderly population, persons with special needs and female heads of households; (b) building capacities of various health and social providers on Emergency in Reproductive health and organized sessions on emergency preparedness and response; (c) supporting psychosocial service provision for displaced young girls and women some of whom were subjected to violence; (d) distribution of various commodities such as reproductive health drugs hospital generators, baby kits, family hygiene and “dignity” kits and hospital medical equipment/supplies. UNFPA also developed and supported the development of culturally sensitive educational materials on maternal and mental health targeting displaced women. Finally several medium term interventions and projects were developed and implemented in the post emergency phase within the context of UN Security Council Resolutions 1325 (Women, Peace and Security) and 1308( Responsibility of the Security Council in the Maintenance of International Peace and Security: HIV/AIDS and International Peace-keeping Operations).

Objectives

As part of its programme cycle 2010-2014 for Lebanon, UNFPA has streamlined humanitarian assistance elements in the various projects and interventions and is in the process of developing an emergency preparedness plan building on UNFPA’s mandate as well as experience during the previous crisis. More so, UNFPA’s emergency plan will be aligned with the United Nations country team contingency plan and will complement the emergency preparedness plans of United Nations partner organizations.

In the area of Reproductive Health and Rights, UNFPA supported country programme focuses on improving reproductive health in crisis and emergency situations. The programme also aims at developing the capacity of the Ministry of Public Health and other national partners in reproductive health programming in emergency and post-conflict settings.

In the area of Population and Development, UNFPA aims at developing an integrated information system to formulate, monitor and evaluate policies at national and subnational levels, notably in emergency settings.

In the area of Gender and Women Empowerment, UNFPA will be supporting initiatives to combat gender-based violence, particularly in conflict and post-conflict situations.

Projects

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Implementing Partner: KAFA (Enough) Violence and Exploitation Status: Closed Duration: 2007-2007
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Implementing Partner: Partners for Development – Civil Group Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
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Implementing Partner: Faculty of Health Sciences – American University of Beirut Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
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Implementing Partner: Lebanese Family Planning Association (LFPA) Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
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Implementing Partner: KAFA (Enough) Violence and Exploitation Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
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Implementing Partner: Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC) Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
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Implementing Partner: National Commission for Lebanese Women (NCLW) Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
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Implementing Partner: United Nations Interim Forces in Lebanon (UNIFIL) Status: Closed Duration: 2006-2007
Latest update: 1/10/2012